- What is a colonoscopy procedure?
- How do you prepare for a colonoscopy?
- Foods to avoid before the colonoscopy procedure
- What foods can you eat before a colonoscopy?
- Why do you need to adjust your diet before a colonoscopy?
- When to stop eating before the colonoscopy?
If you have a scheduled appointment for a colonoscopy, your healthcare professional should have informed you about things to do and avoid before the procedure.
For example, you need to avoid eating specific foods.
You’re probably wondering why it’s necessary to avoid specific foods, and what you should eat instead.
Read on to learn more about foods to avoid before the colonoscopy procedure, when to stop eating, and why.
What is a colonoscopy procedure?
A colonoscopy is an endoscopic exam of the large bowel. The main objective of colonoscopy is to look for swollen, irritated tissues, cancer, polyps, or other changes in the colon and rectum.
During the procedure, a healthcare professional inserts a colonoscope (a long, flexible tube) into the patient’s rectum. The doctor views the inside of the entire colon thanks to a video camera on the tip of the colonoscope.
A patient is under sedation or anesthesia during the procedure. Colonoscopy usually lasts between 30 and 60 minutes.
How do you prepare for a colonoscopy?
The main focus of colonoscopy prep is cleaning out or emptying the colon. To make that happen, the healthcare provider will instruct you to:
Modify your diet
You’ll need to avoid specific foods before the procedure. We’re going to focus on foods to avoid and eat before a colonoscopy procedure below.
Take a laxative
The doctor may prescribe a laxative in liquid or pill form to help empty the colon. In many cases, the patient needs to take a laxative the night before the procedure.
Most patients need to take the laxative the night before and the morning of colonoscopy. Liquid laxatives don’t taste good, but you can mix them with something flavored like a powdered drink mix or a sports drink.
You can also keep the solution well chilled and use a straw to drink it. Just make sure you place the straw far back on your tongue. After drinking the solution, it’s practical to suck on a lemon slice or hard candy.
The doctor may adjust the dosages of specific medications or instruct patients to stop taking them temporarily. These medications include those for diabetes, hypertension, and heart problems.
Patients must inform doctors about medications they’re taking if they’ve changed healthcare providers. This is important to avoid potential side effects.
When preparing for a colonoscopy, it’s also useful to get medicated wipes and skin-soothing products because you are likely to experience high-volume diarrhea. In fact, diarrhea tends to be forceful in this case, which is why you may have bloating or cramps.
Some patients also develop nausea and start vomiting. If you have hemorrhoids, they may be inflamed. Wear loose clothing and make sure you’re near the bathroom.
Your stool should look like clear water or urine. That’s when you know the laxatives did their job properly.
Foods to avoid before the colonoscopy procedure
As mentioned above, colonoscopy prep revolves greatly around diet. Avoiding certain foods is the most important thing you can do to prepare for the colonoscopy procedure. You will receive detailed instructions on what to do or avoid before colonoscopy. The instructions also include diet rules.
Dietary adjustments start three to five days before the procedure. That’s when you need to ditch high-fiber foods and stick to low-fiber alternatives.
Foods to avoid before the colonoscopy procedure include the following:
Raw fruit with skin, seeds, and membranes, dried fruit such as raisins, and canned or cooked fruit with seeds and skin.
All vegetables that are raw and come with skin, seeds, and peel. Other vegetables to avoid include corn, onions, lima beans, summer and winter squash, cooked cabbage or Brussels sprouts, potatoes with skin, and tomatoes.
Whole grains and high fiber
Wild or brown rice, whole grain bread, crackers, pasta, high-fiber or whole-grain cereal, and bread or cereals with nuts and seeds.
Dried peas, dried beans, lentils, and any other legume regardless of preparation method.
Nuts and seeds
Walnuts, almonds, fennel, sesame, sunflower seeds, and other nuts and seeds, as well as chunky nut butter.
Salad dressing containing nuts and seeds, junk food.
Unrestrained soups, pea soup, corn soup, dried bean soup, lentil soup, and chili soup.
Coconut, any dessert containing nuts, seeds, red or purple dye, and any dessert made with whole grain flour and dried fruits.
Fruit or vegetable juices containing pulp and beverages with red or purple dye.
Other foods to avoid
Popcorn, jam, marmalade, olives, pickles, relishes, and stone-ground mustard.
Foods containing dyes are on the to-avoid list because the hues can discolor the colon’s lining. As a result, visibility in the colon is significantly decreased.
During this time, patients also need to stop taking their vitamins and other dietary supplements they may be using.
Although avoiding certain foods is important for a colonoscopy procedure, some people don’t adhere to these instructions. For instance, a study from the journal Medicine found low compliance with diet instructions. In fact, consuming certain foods was the main reason for failed bowel preparation for the procedure (1).
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What foods can you eat before a colonoscopy?
Two and three days (or in some cases, five days) before colonoscopy, you can eat a low-fiber diet. This diet includes:
- Milk and dairy (except yogurt mixed with nuts, seeds, and fruits)
- Low-fiber cereal or grains with refined white flour
- Meat (except tough meat with gristle)
- Fruit juices without pulp, applesauce, ripe honeydew or cantaloupe, peeled apricots or peaches, cooked or canned fruit (seedless and skinless)
- Cooked or canned vegetables (peeled), skinless potatoes, seedless and skinless cucumbers
- Desserts such as custard, ice cream, plain pudding, sorbet, cakes, or cookies made with plain white flour
Low-fiber diet stops a day before the procedure.
A day before the colonoscopy, patients need to consume clear liquids only. Good examples are clear broth or bouillon, clear juice, e.g., white grape or apple, and clear soft drinks or sports drinks. Other foods include black tea or coffee, popsicles, and Jell-O.
Why do you need to adjust your diet before a colonoscopy?
You need to adjust your diet before a colonoscopy because the body needs time to eliminate waste from the colon. Evidence shows bowel prep by adjusting the diet leads to reduced total colonoscopy procedure time, lower costs by preventing canceling or rescheduling procedures, and increased performance with the instrument (2).
Your colon needs to be clear so the doctor can successfully perform a colonoscopy. Otherwise, they would have to reschedule the appointment. That means you need to go through prep again. In many cases, this also translates to higher costs of the procedure.
Remember that high-fiber foods are often undigested when they reach the colon. As a result, they can interfere with the examination process. Doctors need optimal visibility during the procedure.
When to stop eating before the colonoscopy?
Doctors usually advise patients to stop eating solid foods 24 hours before the procedure. During this time, patients stick to a clear liquid diet for all meals of the day (breakfast, lunch, and dinner).
Since you’re fasting the day before the procedure, you need to stay hydrated. That’s where the abovementioned clear liquids step in.
In some cases, however, patients may be allowed to consume easily digestible foods 14 to 16 hours before the procedure. Some doctors may allow it if a person cannot fast for 24 hours.
Consult a doctor regarding this subject. Stick to their instructions and avoid eating anything unless a doctor says it’s okay.
Two hours before the procedure, you shouldn’t drink anything. Not even water. Patients who drink before colonoscopy risk getting sick or breathing vomit into their lungs.
Some hospitals or clinics require patients to stop drinking fluids longer than a few hours before the procedure. The instructions you receive will also contain information about this no-beverage window.
Proper preparation before a colonoscopy procedure is crucial. Preparation revolves around dietary adjustments.
Five days before the procedure, patients need to stop eating high-fiber foods and consume a low-fiber diet instead.
A day before the colonoscopy, patients eat no solid foods. Dietary adjustment is necessary to ensure optimal visibility. For that reason, it is crucial to adhere to your doctor’s instructions.
What To Eat After a Colonoscopy.
What foods should I avoid 2 days before a colonoscopy? ›
- Fruit, including fresh, dried and canned.
- Brown rice or brown pasta.
- High-fibre breakfast cereals (including porridge oats)
- Pulses or lentils.
- High-fibre, multi-seeded, 50/50 or wholemeal bread.
- Nuts or seeds.
- Roasted, deep fried potatoes (including chips)
1 Day Before Your Colonoscopy (Prep Day)
Before 10:00 am, you may have a small, light breakfast. Examples of a light breakfast are: eggs, soup or broth with noodles (no meat or vegetables), white crackers, white rice, white potatoes, white bread, Boost® or Ensure®.
You will usually be asked to avoid eating all solid foods the day before your colonoscopy, including eggs. However in the week preceding your colonoscopy, you can eat eggs.Are bananas OK before colonoscopy? ›
Oatmeal, grits and plain corn flakes are types of cereals that are okay, along with cooked fruits, bananas and applesauce.Can I eat mashed potatoes 2 days before colonoscopy? ›
Avoid products containing Olestra (a fat substitute found in some fat-free and low-fat foods) for one week. A few examples of foods you may eat are dairy products, meats, poultry, fish, pasta, white rice, white bread, eggs, mashed potatoes, cooked carrots or squash.How long does it take to clear bowels for colonoscopy? ›
How long does it take a colonoscopy prep to clear bowels completely? It can take 12 to 16 hours for the bowels to completely clear. Eating a low-residue, soft diet for a day or more before starting the prep can help make it easier and faster.How can I not get hungry before a colonoscopy? ›
Dehydration and hunger are both things you want to avoid in general, but especially before undergoing anesthesia. Consuming a liquid that's full of nourishment, but still clear and safe to drink as part of your prep, helps to greatly reduce dehydration and hunger before your procedure.What can I eat 48 hours before colonoscopy? ›
- scrambled eggs.
- vegetable purees and soups.
- soft fruits, like bananas.
Two Days Before Your Appointment
Drink at least eight glasses of water today. STOP eating high-fiber foods such as vegetables and beans until after your colonoscopy. You can eat all other types of foods today.
The day before the colonoscopy procedure — Don't eat solid foods. Instead, consume only clear liquids like clear broth or bouillon, black coffee or tea, clear juice (apple, white grape), clear soft drinks or sports drinks, Jell-O, popsicles, etc.
Is yogurt OK before colonoscopy? ›
For Breakfast You may have a light breakfast consisting of plain or vanilla yogurt, 2 slices of dry or buttered toast, coffee or tea (with a little cream or milk) and clear liquids. After Breakfast Start on a clear liquid diet. Clear liquids are those you can “see through”. NOTE: CLEAR LIQUIDS ONLY.Are hard boiled eggs OK before a colonoscopy? ›
The Day Before Your Procedure:You are allowed to have a light breakfast and lunch. (hard boiled eggs, toast, soup, half sandwich). After 1pm, you are on a clear liquid diet.What should I eat 72 hours before a colonoscopy? ›
- white bread.
- lean meats like chicken and fish.
- well-cooked veggies without the skin.
- fruit without skin or seeds.
Leading up to your colonoscopy, yes, you can have chocolate! It is recommended that you follow a low-fiber diet (simply put, stay away from foods that can't be digested as easily, such as fiber, seeds, or nuts, for example) for two to three days before your colonoscopy.